Our editors and employees work hard to ensure the content we publish is ethically sound.
• Act professionally and efficiently.
• Always approach the accused party to establish their position before making a decision or committing to a course of action.
• Ensure that we provide sufficient time for all parties to respond.
• Keep all parties informed of decisions, including the copyright owners, editors and authors.
• Protect authors' moral rights (to be acknowledged as the author and not to be misrepresented) and to ensure the correct record of the literature.
• We reserve the right to with draw and rescind any acceptance should a case of ethical misconduct be discovered prior to publication.
• Fair play. Editor must ensure that all submitted manuscripts are evaluated in fairness based on the intellectual content of the paper regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, religion, citizenry nor political values of authors
• Confidentiality. Editor must ensure that all information regarding manuscripts is kept confidential.
• Publication decision. Editor must ensure that the responsibility for making publication decisions for submitted manuscripts is based on the reviewer’s evaluation of the manuscript, on the policies of the journal editorial board and legal restrain acting against libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism.
• Review of manuscript. Editor must ensure that all submitted manuscripts are evaluated for their originality and innovativeness and that peer reviewers are selected people, not involved in conflicts of interest, with sufficient expertise.
• The editor should work to safeguard the integrity of the published record by reviewing and assessing reported or suspected misconduct (research, publication, reviewer and editorial), in conjunction with the publisher (or society).
• Such measures will generally include contacting the author of the manuscript or paper and giving due consideration to the respective complaint or claims made, but may also include further communications to the relevant institutions and research bodies. The editor shall further make appropriate use of the publisher’s systems for the detection of misconduct, such as plagiarism.
• An editor presented with convincing evidence of misconduct should coordinate with the publisher (and/or society) to arrange the prompt publication of a correction, retraction, expression of concern, or other correction to the record, as may be relevant.
• Authorship of the paper: Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. Transparency about the contributions of authors is encouraged, for example in the form of a Credit author statement.
• Originality and plagiarism: The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others, that this has been appropriately cited or quoted.
• Data access and retention: Authorsmay be asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data.
• Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication: An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Elsevier does not view the following uses of a work as prior publication: publication in the form of an abstract; publication as an academic thesis; publication as an electronic preprint. Note: some society-owned titles and journals that operate double-blind review have different policies on prior publication. Information on prior publication is included within each Elsevier journal’s guide for authors.
• Acknowledgement of sources: Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given.
• Disclosure and conflicts of interest: All submissions must include disclosure of all relationships that could be viewed as presenting a potential conflict of interest.
• Reporting standards. Authors should present an accurate account of the original research performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. A manuscriptshouldcontainsufficientdetail and references to permitothers to replicate the work. Manuscriptsshould follow the submissionguidelines of the journal.
• Fundamentalerrors in published works. Significant errors or inaccuracies in published works must be promptly notified to the journal in order to retract or correct the paper.
• Confidentiality. All information regarding manuscripts submitted must be kept confidential and notused for personal advantage by the reviewers.
• Disclosure and conflict of interest. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest. Any conflict of interest must be disclosed to the Editor.
• Acknowledgment of sources. Reviewers must ensure that all relevant published work has been cited by the authors. All irregularities must be immediately notified to the Editor.
• Standards of Objectivity. All manuscripts must be reviewed objectively and fairly. The reviewers must be constructive and clear in their reviews.
• Promptness. The reviewers should complete their work in a reasonable timeframe. They must promptly inform the Editor if theycan’t complete the review within the agreed time.